by J. B. Cash White Athletic Advantage: Spacial Cognition If one reviews the various professional sports and those positions where white athletes dominate it is possible to find a common link that I propose is due to a unique genetic quality of the white race which I have named: SPACIAL COGNITION. (Note that SPACIAL is used in place of SPATIAL as "spatial cognition" has other widely used meanings.) The hypothesis is as follows. Native Europeans and their descendants have evolved a highly specialized skill that is apparent in their athletic abilities as well as in other aspects of life. This skill, which I have labeled SPACIAL COGNITION, can be defined as follows: the ability to correctly calculate and predict, to a high degree, the movement of objects through space and time. To test this theory we can look at several professional sports. Let's begin with football (American). A highly developed ability in SPACIAL COGNITION would lead one to expect that white athletes would excel in the two areas where the object (a football) is sent moving through space and time. This would be in throwing and kicking the football. Do whites seem to have an advantage in throwing the football? Of course! And not just an advantage but a domination in that regard. Nearly all quarterbacks in the NFL are white in a league where virtually all other positions are majority black. Furthermore those few black QBs that do succeed are generally of the type that are considered running quarterbacks, such as Michael Vick, Duante Culpepper, and Donovan McNabb. Typically their chief ability in throwing the football is considered to be their "cannon arms." Thus they are known for the strength of their throwing arms rather than accuracy. On the other hand white QBs are famous for their ability to exercise "touch" on their throws. Men like Payton Manning, Brett Favre, Tom Brady, etc., are known for dropping passes 40 yards downfield into the hands of streaking receivers with two defenders close by. I could name many other white QBs with this skill, hundreds in fact. From Joe Montana to Johnny Unitas, from Bart Starr to Dan Marino. The list is endless. What about the other football SPACIAL COGNITION skill: kicking. This is even more white dominated. Kicking, which is the ability to strike the football with the foot so as to direct it a great distance through the air, taking into account wind and weather, and placing it at certain height and direction so that it passes through the goalposts, is an activity exclusively mastered by white players. In the NFL place-kickers are as white as cornerbacks are black. How about another sport such as basketball. In basketball the movement of the object (the ball) through space and time is the very essence of the game. But the most difficult of tasks in the sport involving the highest level of SPACIAL COGNITION is in free throw and three-point shooting accuracy. How do white athletes do in this regard? Incredibly well, considering their minority status. The NBA for example is 80% black with each team averaging only one or two white players in the regular rotation. And what is the result? White players typically have as their specialty the ability to shoot three-point baskets and are often the most accurate in free throws In the 2004-'05 season, Peja Stojakovic and Steve Nash finished one-two in free throw shooting percentage. So far this year the top five free throw shooters in the league are white. For three-point percentage, last year three of the top five were white and to this date in the current season six out of the top ten are white. This is typical, as white players have for years been over-represented in these categories as a percentage of their population in the league. What about the sport of baseball? This is a slam-dunk for white advantage in the crucial area of SPACIAL COGNITION. The primary area where this skill is manifested is in pitching. Baseball pitching is perhaps the most critical sports activity where SPACIAL COGNITION is important. A pitcher must stand 60 feet and 6 inches from home plate and then throw the baseball, usually at a high velocity, at a target about 12 inches wide and about 3 feet high. Over and over again. That white players dominate here is not even debatable. In the long history of baseball virtually all of the top pitchers are white. Except for a small handful of non-whites that pop up once in a while, whites are still unmatched in this crucial ability. When non-whites are used as pitchers they are rarely "finesse" pitchers, the name given to pitchers that have good "control," which is just another way of saying good SPACIAL COGNITION. Usually non-white pitchers just rear back and throw using brute strength to compensate for their reduced SPACIAL COGNITION ability. The white propensity for superior SPACIAL COGNITION skills manifests itself in many other sports. In golf, out of the top couple hundred players in the world, virtually all of them are white. The lone exceptions, Tiger Woods, who is approximately one-fourth black and half Asian, and Vijay Singh, of Asian ancestry, make the case that perhaps Asians my have good SPACIAL COGNITION skills also. And true to that assertion Asians are sometimes good baseball pitchers. SPACIAL COGNITION is crucial in golf as the game provides the largest amount of distance calculation in sports. Tennis, which is a more time (speed) dependent activity, is also highly dominated by whites. The women's game is dominated by Slavs. The few black players such as the Williams sisters, are, once again, good not so much due to their pure skill at the game but more so because of brute strength. In other activities the SPACIAL COGNITION skills of whites illustrate the reason for their dominance in those areas. Pistol, rifle, and bow shooting, and even more recreational activities such as bowling and darts, all showcase the superior white skill at SPACIAL COGNITION. And as expected the SPACIAL COGNITION skill of whites is apparent in other areas of life. White people it seems are so enamored of their great skill in this area that it practically defines our existence. We have forever hurled this or that a certain distance with accuracy being a key. At first it was rocks catapulted over the walls of fortresses. Then it was bullets, cannon balls, field artillery, howitzers, mortars, torpedoes, surface to air missiles, inter-continental-ballistic missiles, rockets to the moon, probes to the planets and beyond. The white propensity for SPACIAL COGNITION drove not one man but two, Sir Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, to come up with a special kind of mathematics just so as to be able to properly understand it: calculus. Isaac Newton, who may have been the most intelligent man that ever lived, turned the study of objects, motion, and time into a science. That science has redefined the world around us and is the primary reason we have left the savage ways of primitive life behind. The explanation for black dominance in a given athletic category is universally credited to a matter of genetics. But whenever white athletes are dominant in a certain aspect of a sport it is attributed merely to their hard work or else to non-interest on the part of blacks. In a previous article (Sailing Off Course, Part I), I ridiculed Steve Sailer's hypothesis that a trait he has named "real-time responsiveness" was the reason blacks seemed to perform better in a few sports. Although I am still skeptical, it was at the very least an attempt to explain an anomaly that seemed to contradict the law of averages. For that same reason the anomalies as cited in this article can be explained as a genetic advantage possessed by whites. This is my theory of SPACIAL COGNITION which I have no doubt will be borne out by further research on the matter.